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Chủ Nhật, 30 tháng 10, 2016

Kerala - India: Corruption of 10.34 crore in import of cashew nut, says V D Satheesan

Posted on :16:29:38 Oct 27, 2016
Last edited on:16:29:38 Oct 27, 2016

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: V D Satheeshan alleged corruption in the assembly against the Cashew Corporation and CAPEX over the import of cashew nut. During finance request discussion, he said there is a corruption of Rs 10 crore in importing cashew nut directly.

The cashew corporation incurred a loss of Rs 6.87 crore in importing 3900 metric tonne of cashew nut. A loss of Rs 3.47 crore was incurred while importing 2000 metric tonne of cashew nut. He said those helming these two public sector organizations are tainted.
However, Minister J Mercikutty Amma denied the allegations levelled by him. He is levelling baseless allegations, she said. The government wants to open the closed public sector organizations. The managing directors were appointed after getting vigilance clearance, she said.


India: Cashew exports continue to slip

The downward trend in cashew exports during the current fiscal year continues, with shipments dropping 25 per cent in volume and 13 per cent in value terms in the April-September period.
A significant rise in unit value has, however, kept the decline in total value realisation at a comparatively lower level.
Total shipments during the period fell to 36,895 tonnes, valued at ₹2,137.76 crore, from 48,901 tonnes valued at ₹2,464.08 crore in the corresponding year-ago period, according to the Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI).
The decline in volume stood at 24.55 per cent, while that of the total value was at 13.24 per cent. The average unit value realised has shown an upsurge of 15 per cent during this period, CEPCI sources said.
The average unit value increased this fiscal to ₹579.42 a kg from ₹503.89 for the period under review.
The fall in the unit value of Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL)/Cardinol has raised their exports to 6,285 tonnes valued at ₹24.32 crore from 5,810 tonnes valued at ₹32.89 crore. The unit value realised fell to ₹38.70/kg from ₹56.61, he said.
Attributing the consistent fall in exports mainly to non-receipt of parity price for kernel, Sundaram Prabha, Chairman, CEPCI, told BusinessLine that the sharp rise in the Raw Cashew Nut (RCN) price, which has gone up by 27 per cent per kg, coupled with the closure of over 50 per cent of the factories in Kerala, fuelled the drop.
Meanwhile, imports of RCN have seen a substantial decline during the first five months of 2016-17. Total imports fell by 32 per cent to 5,00,329 tonnes valued at ₹5,336.87 crore from 7,30,309 tonnes valued at ₹6,135.68 crore.
The average unit value has increased by 27 per cent to ₹106.67/kg from ₹84.01 in the April-September 2015 period.
High domestic prices are said to have resulted in an increase in import of kernels. During the April-September period this year, 1,624 tonnes were imported at a value of ₹70.52 crore and a unit value of ₹434.37 a kg, against 1,244 tonnes, valued at ₹55.81 crore, at a unit value of ₹448.63 a kg.
(This article was published on October 27, 2016)

India: Cashew purchase by KSCDC, CAPEX - Mercykutty Amma brushes off corruption allegation

 | Oct 29, 2016, 06.13 AM IST

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: Fisheries and cashew industry minister J Mercykutty Ammatold the assembly on Friday that the opposition member V DSatheesan had quoted wrong documents to mislead the house while levelling allegations of corruption in raw cashew purchase by the KSCDC (Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation) and CAPEX. "The opposition member d, in fact, quoted a proposal had, in fact, quoted a proposal by the KSCDC managing director for local purchase while raising the allegation. The proposal was made after repeated e-tenders, which had put forth a 11-point condition, could find just one bidder," the minister said tabling a modified reply to Satheesan's allegations.

The minister also said that the government was planning to launch an SPV (special purpose vehicle) for procuring raw nuts from abroad. "The government is implementing short term and long term plans to revive the sector and reopen all factories including the private ones," she added.

However, Satheesan told reporters later that the minister was not giving an explanation to his query why the KSCDC and CAPEX procured raw cashew at higher price. "I had pointed out that a government order which rejected a bid that offered raw cashew from Ivory Coast at Rs 118 per kg. The minister now has to explain why the nuts were procured at Rs 124.50 per kg after 10 days," he said.

Similarly, CAPEX also procured raw cashew from abroad for higher price after rejecting lower bids, he added. Satheesan, on Thursday , had alleged corruption to the tune of Rs 10 crore in raw cashew purchase after the LDF came to power.

Meanwhile, KSCDC chairman S Jayamohan told reporters in Kollam that an unholy nexus was trying to derail the functioning of KSCDC. "Some of the private cashew companies want the KSCDC to remaias a loss making PSU as they fear that once the corporation is back on profit, the workers will get better wages which would dampen the private players' prospects," he said.

The KSCDC, he said was trying to become a decisive player in the market. "The domestic production of cashew is now low at 10%. The government should encourage cashew farming and a slew of programmes are expected to be initiated soon," he said.


Vietnam: Cashew nut shells used to make cashew oil, a promising export

October 27, 2016

It is estimated that one ton of dry cashews can give 250-300 kilos of cashew nuts and 700-750 kilos of cashew nut shells from which 154 kilos of cashew oil can be produced.  Cashew oil is an important material in many industries. It is used to make high-quality adhesive materials, binder for seagoing vessels' paint, and laminated and heat-resistant materials. It can also be used in the electrical and electronic industries. Factories in Dong Nai province alone make up 60 percent of total cashew shell oil in Vietnam.  Do Nguyen Kien, director of F.T.E Technology Development, said though cashew nut shells are a by-product, it is the major source of income of the company. 

F.T.E, Cat Loi, Hung Loc Companies in Dong Nai province, and Thao Nguyen in Vung Tau City, usually buy cashew nut shells in large quantities for gradual use. The cashew nut shell price is at VND1,450 per kilo. Most companies focus on making cashew oil semi-finished products, or Cardanol oil essence.  Though Carnadolhas high value, companies still focus on making cashew nut shell oil because Carnadol has a short expiry date, while the investment rate and the risks are high. 

Cashew nut shells, considered ‘rubbish’ by many people, turn out to be a material which may create a market worth hundreds of millions of dollars a year.  According to F.T.E, the expected average profit from Carnadol is VND2 million or at times VND4 million. “The supply is too low to satisfy large orders, of 100-200 tons,” Kienexplained.  Regarding the investment rate, Kien said the required investment capital is VND2.5 billion for the capacity of 50 tons a month.  “The cashew nut shell oil market has great potential. Therefore, we do not focus on Carnadol,” Kien said.

F.T.E also exports cashew sell residue for fuel and sludge to South Korea. Sludge could be used instead of FO.  Though it produces less calories, it has lower freezing temperature (at minus 42oC) and can be used in countries with cold winters. Vietnam exports 600,000 tons of cashew nut shell oil each year. Large corporations can export 10,000 tons of oil every month. 

F.T.E alone can provide 25,000 tons of oil every year, but the figure could be 48,000 at maximum. Its products mostly go to China, South Korea, Indonesia and Spain.  In the past, China was the biggest consumer, but it has been replaced by South Korea.

Kien believes that Vietnam’s cashew nut shell oil can meet standards for the US market. 

However, Vietnamese companies continue to focus on doing outsourcing for China, and export products to China because of commitments made with machinery suppliers.


India: Minister rejects charge of irregularities in cashew import

October 27, 2016

Kerala Fisheries and Cashew Minister J Mercykutty today rejected Congress-led UDF Oppositions allegation of irregularities in the import of raw cashew nut and said she would quit if the charges were proved. "Opposition is spreading false charges in the import of raw cashewnut. I came to this position with hard work. I will quit the job if charges are proved," she told the state assembly. She was responding to V D Satheesan(Congress), who raised the matter in the assembly during the debate on Kerala Appropriation Bill, 2016. Intervening, Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan rejected the opposition demand for a Vigilance probe and said there was no need for it.

Satheesan alleged that Kerala Cashew Development Corporation had imported raw cashew nut at a higher price when the same was available at a cheaper rate. "This has caused heavy burden on the Corporation," he charged demanding a Vigilance probe into the matter. Later talking to reporters, Satheesan said he would take legal action if his demand was not. PTI JRK VS UZM DK


Zambia: AfDB loan to revive West cashew industry

October 28, 2016


WHEN African Development Bank (AfDB) Zambia country office agricultural expert Lewis Bangwe met  takeholders for the Cashew Infrastructure Development Project (CIDP) workshop in Mongu last week, it was like any other talk show. However, at the end of his three-day tour of duty, Mr Bangwe raised a lot of hope among cashew nut growers because things started happening faster than the workshop participants anticipated. “[There was] so much hope that, after the workshop, the procurement immediately started on very important aspects such as vehicles,” Stan Simwaka, chairperson of the Simbangala Cashewnut Group, said.

At the time of the workshop, US$700,000 was already sitting in the account somewhere for the procurement of vehicles while the establishment of the project implementation unit is underway. The AfDB has set aside US$45 million for reviving cashew nut production in Western Province. The continental financial institution has prioritised cashew nut production in Western Province as part of economic diversification and poverty reduction.

Mr Bangwe said stakeholders want to see cashew nut taking over from copper as the biggest foreign exchange earner. Cashew can fetch not less than US$10,000 per tonne on the world market. Angola, Mozambique and Tanzania, and some West African countries like Gambia are some of Africa’s biggest producers of the wonder crop which is full of anti-oxidants, vitamins and minerals which are required for the normal functioning of the body.

The CIDP is targeting 60,000 smallholder farmers, including 30,000 (50 percent of whom should be women) and 7,000 youths, each planting one hectare (100 cashew trees or six million trees). About 6,000 full-time jobs (3,000 women and 1,000 youths) are expected to be created along the cashew value chain from production, processing to marketing.

The development goal is to contribute to the country’s economic growth and food security. The objective is to contribute to poverty reduction, improved household incomes through enhanced cashew nut production and processing. The project is in line with the Vision 2030, Sixth National Development Plan (SNDP: 2011-2015) and National Agriculture Policy (NAP: 2004-2015).

Mr Bangwe said of the US$45 million, about US$12.95 million (23.4 percent) has been set aside for cashew plantation rejuvenation and establishment. Under this, the programme to be implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture, aims to re-establish canopy of existing cashew plantations through working with improved clones of up to 2,000 hectares province-wide. Mr Bangwe said 8,000 hectares of existing cashew plantations will be rehabilitated while 7,000 hectares of bare old cashew plantations will be replanted.

About 43,000 hectares new cashew farms/plantations will be established. The project, to be implemented over a period of five years, will create cashew hubs in MonguLimulungaSenangaKalaboNaloloSikongoShangomboSiomaLukulu, and Mitete districts. The 10 out of the 16 districts of Western Province have been selected based on high potential for cashew nut production, less frost problem, high incidence of poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition, and vulnerability to environmental degradation and climate change. 

A total of US$1.94 million (about 3.5 percent) has been dedicated to conducting the training needs assessment. he Ministry of Agriculture and other stakeholders in the CIPD project will receive project-related training including materials. There will also be training for cashew nut processers and smallholder farmers.
Mr Bangwe said to share experiences, selected farmers and extension officers will participate in international study tours to Mozambique and Tanzania which are doing very well in cashew nut production.

There will also be local inter-district study tours for farmers and project staff. Mr Bangwe expects government workers to be able to participate as drivers and a link between the communities (district 
agricultural coordinators) and the projects implementing unit. This unit has not yet been established.


The project intends to offer support to the cashew value chain through irrigation infrastructure for cashew nurseries and clone gardens, cashew plantation rejuvenation and establishment, and infrastructure for cashew nut processing and marketing to the tune of US$41.67million (gobbling almost 75.2 percent)
There is a component of capacity building for training, technical support, and matching fund coming to US$7.26 million (about 13.1 percent of project money).

Project management, including project coordination, monitoring and evaluation will gobble US$6.49 million (almost 11.7 percent). Under the project, 217 kilometres of access roads leading to key cashew infrastructure sites will be rehabilitated, one irrigation system will be developed for the main cashew nursery at the Zambia Agriculture Research Institute in Simulumbe and renovate one set of existing structures at the research station will be renovated.

The project will also develop eight irrigation systems for clone-gardens and associated structures. A total of three irrigation systems for public demonstration nurseries, located at NamushakendeNangwesi, and KalaboFarmer Training Centres, will be developed, including renovation of some existing structures. Eight irrigation systems for community nurseries and associated structures will be developed. The project will establish 50 community demonstration cashew plots of one hectare each.

Under technical support that will gobble US$2.83 million, the project hopes to develop a quality control management system to enhance the cashew nut product. It will also assess the gender roles along the cashew value chain and support gender mainstreaming activities.

The Seed Control and Certification Institute will receive support for quality cashew seedlings while the Natural Resources Development College will produce a cashew focus curriculum. The University of Barotseland will be supported to establish cashew focus curriculum and support Zambia Agricultural Research Institute to carry out gender-sensitive cashew adaptive research.

A cashew and agro-processing expert for technical assistance will be recruited, so will gender and environmental specialists be engaged as short-term consultants to implement environmental and social issues including mitigation.

Western Province permanent secretary Mwangala Liyomba said the cashew sub-sector has been facing various challenges leading to slow growth of the industry due to low production of raw nuts, lack of improved planting materials, poor management practices, pests and diseases, as well as lack of marketing and processing facilities, among others.

Mr Liyomba is happy that the CIDP will address the challenges by supporting cashew value chain infrastructure such as feeder roads, irrigation facilities, bulking centres and agro-processing facilities. He urged staff in target districts to be fully involved in the implementation of the project. “I also urge the private sector to take keen interest as they play a key role in the cashew nut value chain,” Mr Liyomba said.

Vice-chairperson of the Cashew Growers Association Gobrown Kashumba, who sat in throughout the three-day workshop, was undoubtedly energised by the outcome of the stakeholder engagement.


Thứ Tư, 26 tháng 10, 2016

Vietnam: Cocoa to be grown with cashew trees

Oct. 24, 2016

The southeastern province of Binh Phuoc, the country’s largest cashew producer, plans to intercrop cocoa with a total of 50,000 ha of cashew trees in an aim to raise farmers’ incomes.

The plan aims to increase farmer’s annual earnings to VND120 million (US$5,500) per ha, including VND70 million from cashew and VND50 million from cocoa.
The figure would be nearly double the income from cashew cultivation only, according to the province’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.
In Bu Gia Map District’s Phu Van Commune, farmers have intercropped cocoa with more than 29 ha of cashew. The district has 20,400 ha of cashew with annual yield of 31,000 tonnes.
cocoa to be grown with cashew trees hinh 0
Nguyen Van Loi, Secretary of the Binh Phuoc Province’s Party Committee, said each district had been told to identify at least one to two key agricultural products and create a geographical indication for the key products.
Priority should be given to cashew, pepper and cocoa, he said, adding that the intercropping of cocoa in cashew orchards should be given top priority.
Early this month, the price of cashew nuts increased to VND50,000 (US$2.2) a kilo, up VND10,000-VND15,000 against the same period in previous years.
Prolonged drought early this year affected the yield of cashews at a time when there was a high demand for raw cashews for export, resulting in high prices.
The drought also caused a decline in yield of cashews by about 40% compared to previous years, according to farmers.
Tran Quang Ty, Secretary of Bu Gia Map District’s Party Committee, said most farmers had already sold their post-harvest cashews when prices rose.
Vo Hung Chien, who plants more than 110ha of cashew in Bu Gia Map District’s Phu Nghia Commune, said “After harvesting cashew nuts this year, many farmers planned to store the nuts and wait for a price increase. However, traders repeatedly asked to buy so they sold their cashew nuts when prices were still low.”
Farmers normally harvest their cashew nuts between late February and May.
Nguyen Thi Kim Nga, Chairwoman of the Binh Phuoc Province Cashew Association, said the world demand for cashews was increasing significantly.
Consumers prefer Vietnam’s cashews in general and Binh Phuoc’s cashews in particular because they are delicious and nutritious. 
Binh Phuoc has about 143,000ha of cashew trees, accounting for more than 50 percent of the country’s total cashew yield, according to the association.
Binh Phuoc has also encouraged the establishment of co-operatives of farmers who intercrop cashew and cocoa trees. The province will offer co-operatives VND10 million (US$450) per ha of cashew.
Ethnic minority co-operative members will be provided financial support to invest in drip irrigation facilities to grow cashew trees.
Source: VNA

India: Call for interventions to end cashew-sector crisis

Oct. 26, 2016

More than 300 private factories remaining closed: RSP leader

Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) State secretary and UTUC-affiliated All Kerala Cashewnut Factory Workers Federation working president A.A. Azeez has said that the reopening of the public-sector cashew factories alone has not put an end to the crisis gripping the cashew sector of the State. At a press conference here on Monday, Mr. Azeez said that the public-sector factories comprised only a small portion of the cashew sector. The big majority of the cashew workers were attached to the private sector. While the public-sector factories employed only about 16,000 workers, over 1.5 lakh private sector cashew workers were now unemployed as more than 300 private factories were remaining closed.

860 factories

He alleged that the government was not making any serious efforts to intervene and solve the crisis. “The LDF government appears to be completely ignoring the issue.” There were about 860 registered cashew factories in the State and most of these factories had remained closed before Onam. After Onam, some of the factories reopened but denied bonus to the workers.

Mr. Azeez said that when it came to intervening on the issue, Minister for Cashew Industry J. Mercykutty Amma had limitations. Cabinet decisions might be required.
“Therefore Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan should directly intervene in the issue.”

‘Convene meeting’

He alleged that in many of the private factories that have reopened, the minimum wages stipulated by the government was being denied to the workers. Workers were forced to accept what was being given because there was no other go. He wanted the Chief Minister to convene a meeting of all concerned in the cashew sector.

The federation would organise a collectorate march and dharna by cashew workers on October 31 raising the issues. The demands included steps to reopen private-sector cashew factories, steps to ensure bonus to the workers of factories lying closed, measures to ensure that the workers of the reopened factories got the minimum wages and clearing the gratuity dues of the public sector cashew workers.

  • ‘1.5 lakh private-sector cashew workers unemployed’
  • Factories deny bonus, minimum wages to workers

  • Source:
  • Tanzania: Cashewnut Board Hierachy Overhauled, New One Set Up

    October 18, 2016

    Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Minister Dr Charles Tizeba has overhauled the entire board and top management of the Tanzania Cashewnut Board, appointing new members.

    The minister's decision followed a directive by the Prime Minister, Mr Kassim Majaliwa, who directed him to change the board and its management to improve efficiency. Speaking at a public rally in Lindi yesterday, Mr Majaliwa said a similar exercise will be conducted throughout all agribusiness centered boards.

    These include cotton, tobacco, coffee, sisal and tea. At the Sokoine Grounds in Nachingwea District, Lindi Region, the prime minister expressed concern that the cashewnut board had abandoned its legitimate duties and concentrated on auctions where it prohibited some groups of people from buying the crop contrary to the binding laws.

    According to the prime minister, the cashewnut board suspended an auction in Lindi last Friday simply because buyers had not submitted their sales bond. This is despite the government's order that no trader shall be allowed to buy cashewnut without paying 25 per cent of the entire deal.

    The government's decision was issued since last April but the board and management had not put the order into action. "In Mtwara, they bought the products without a sale bond. However, it couldn't work in Lindi ... this is double standard," Mr Majaliwa pointed out.

    "You did not allow the one who won the auction to proceed buying the product since you had your own buyer. I will deal with you," the prime minister stressed.Dr Tizeba pointed out that when the government issues a directive, it must be implemented accordingly. "The Member of Parliament has lodged concerns against the board. We have issued directives but they are not implemented.

    The board has not visited villages to even offer public awareness knowledge on the entire business," he remarked. He, however, urged the board not to force farmers to open bank accounts to receive their payments.

    "Farmers must be educated on why they need a bank account ... I heard your pushing them to open account with an average balance of 100,000/-."

    Addressing a news conference in Dar es Salaam yesterday, Dr Tizeba said he had appointed Mr Hassan Mohammed Jarufu as the Acting Director General of the cashewnut board to replace Mr Mfaume Mohammed. He had also appointed Mr Ray Mtangi as Acting Marketing Director, a position that was earlier being held by Mr Juma Yusuph.

    As per the Cashewnut Industry Act 2009, the minister further appointed CBT board members consistimg of members representing large-scale cashewnut processors and two members representing cashewnut farmers.

    Others are one member representing small-scale cashewnut processors, one member representing the ministry, one member representing cashewnut researchers; and two members who possess experience and knowledge in the industry.

    They are Ms Faith Mitambo, Mr Mshamu Mahundila, Mr Edgar Maokola Majogo, Professor Peter Massawe, Ms Belinda Kessy, Professor Marcellina Chijoriga and Professor Wakuzu Magigi.

    The board shall consist of the chairman, to be appointed by the president upon the minister's advice. Currently, the cashewnut board's chairperson is Ms Anna Abdallah.

    "I am leaving this position to the appointing authority as stated by the law," he said. In another development, Dr Tizeba has reinstated the Director General of the Tanzania Cotton Board Director General, Mr Marco Mtunga.

    "I have decided to reinstate him after our investigations cleared him of any wrongdoing in the alleged misappropriation of 2.4bn/- that were to be paid to farmers following the 2008 world economic crunch," added the minister.


    Thứ Bảy, 22 tháng 10, 2016


    19 Oct. 2016

    CountriesQTY (M.T)VALUE (Rs.Crs)QTY (M.T)VALUE (Rs.Crs)
    Saudi Arabia7195326.26636306.6
    Korea Rep.222199.903193147.4
    Korea Dp Rp.41016.7074933.96
    Source : DGCI&S, Kolkatta

    CountriesQTY (M.T)VALUE (Rs.Crs)QTY (M.T)VALUE (Rs.Crs)
    Korea Rep.191511.52469528.60
    United Kingdom1120.631590.92
    Source : DGCI&S, Kolkatta

    Source: CEPCI