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Thứ Sáu, 30 tháng 6, 2017

India: A Year In, India's Communist-Led Kerala Continues to Take Steps to Ensure Inclusivity

The achievements of the progressive government of Kerala have outstripped those of the rest of the country.

While India's "Hindutva" Prime Minister Narendra Modi is busy "forging ties" with other countries, paying lip service to the heinous mob lynchings of Muslims, showing no concern for the minorities' lives in India, Kerala — the state under the leadership of communists organizations — is making significant leaps to ensure that inclusive progress is being made unlike most other parts of the country.
On May 25, the progressive Left Democratic Front, a coalition of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), the Communist Party of India, and some other smaller organizations marked its first year in the office, during which time, it has made significant gains in the social welfare and labor rights for Keralites, including initiatives to revive public sector industries in agriculture, education and health care.
Those referred to as "Scheduled Caste," "Scheduled Tribes" and Dalits have a long history of suffering atrocities. Relegated to the lowest rungs of the Indian caste system, they are often denied basic civil rights. Over the years, the communities have seen significant budget cuts to the Special Component Plan at the national level.
Under the SCP, about US$400 million is supposed to go to the Scheduled Caste Sub-Plan and about US$116 billion is allocated for the Tribal Sub-Plan. These plans were initiated as intervention strategies during the 1970s to exclusively help the SC and ST, respectively.
The privileged upper caste communities have attacked this affirmative action and the reservations in education and other sectors for the SCs, STs and Dalits creating more friction for the marginalized communities. "The government has pledged to ensure that the funds allotted are utilized in the most efficient manner," A. K. Balan, the minister for Welfare of Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, and Backward Classes, told the New Press India. "The unfair practice of middlemen stealing away their lump sum amounts must be put to a stop through constant vigilance."
The Kerala government increased its budget by 50 percent for the education of tribal students. As a result, nearly 600,000 students are expected to gain from the allotment. Nearly 13,000 SC students studying in some 353 schools were provided with transportation facilities. The government is also set to open 10 model residential schools and a sports school. The existing hostel facilities in schools will also have better food and infrastructure.
As part of the SCP, the LIFE housing mission is building houses across the state for the underserved members of society. Nearly US$27 million has been allocated for the purchase of land and over double the amount for the construction of houses for SCs. Separate funds for the STs will also be implemented. Edamalakuddy, the only tribal village panchayat in Kerala, will also receive funds for the comprehensive development plan.
A monthly working fund for Nirbhaya homes for women who have endured domestic abuse will also be increased to about US$4,000 to improve the conditions of the shelters.
A 24/7 information and emergency helpline for women in the state has also been introduced that integrates all the existing women’s helplines to the service with an around-the-clock call center. Pink Patrol, a network of specially trained women police personnel has also been dedicated to the safety of women and children.
Also, 36,000 jobs were filled through the Public Service Commission, with over 6,000 new positions created. Nearly 5,200 small and medium enterprises helped create 51,500 jobs. And 15,500 new mini and micro industries also created 51,000 jobs.
To provide incentives for improved working conditions, a grading system for factories and workplaces will be introduced in the state.
About US$4 million will be allocated to fishing communities that lost their homes due to ocean floods. Kerala relies heavily on its cashew industry and is planning to link up with African nations to procure raw cashew production.
"Almost three lakh workers in Kerala depend on cashew processing for their livelihood. Most of these workers are women who belong to the most disadvantaged sections of the society. The biggest beneficiaries of this conclave are the cashew workers in Kerala and cashew farmers or producers in Africa," J Mercykutty Amma, fisheries and cashew industry minister, told Times of India.
"This agreement with African nations to procure raw cashew will ensure sufficient raw material and will help open the closed cashew factories. In the 100 days after coming to power, this state government has opened defunct cashew factories ensuring jobs for 8,000 workers," Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan told the Times of India.
"This agreement will help avoid intermediaries, to restore the value chain for Kerala buyers, processors, end products, and marketers. It will retain the demand and stability of prices," he explained.
Under the communist-led government, the Comprehensive Health Insurance Scheme of Kerala also widened the scope of health insurance available for informal workers.
Between 2006 and 2011, plans to ensure food and nutritional security for the tribals in the form of community kitchen; increased educational loans and expansion of health facilities; appointment of about 30 specialized doctors in Tribal Super Speciality hospitals; distribution of nutritious food through Anganawadis; rural mother and child care centers in India and much more add to the achievements of the left-led progressive government of Kerala.


India: Here are the tax slabs that will come into effect after GST Friday mid-night rollout

Check out the tax slabs that will come into effect after the GST is introduced shortly after midnight on July 1, 2017.

Here are the tax slabs that will come into effect after GST Friday mid-night rollout
New Delhi: Here are the tax slabs that will come into effect after the Goods and Services Tax (GST) is introduced shortly after midnight on July 1, 2017.

1. No tax on will be imposed on items like jute, fresh meat, fish chicken, eggs, milk, butter milk, curd, natural honey, fresh fruits and vegetables, flour, besan, bread, prasad, salt, bindi.
Sindoor, stamps, judicial papers, printed books, newspapers, bangles, handloom, bones and horn cores, bone grist, bone meal, etc.; hoof meal, horn meal, cereal grains hulled, Palmyra jaggery, salt - all types, kajal, Children`s` picture, drawing or colouring books and human hair.
2. Hotels and lodges with a tariff below Rs 1,000 will also attract no tax.
Grandfathering service has also been exempted under the GST.
Rough precious and semi-precious stones, however, will attract a GST rate of 0.25 percent.
3. Goods that will attract a tax rate of five (5) percent will include fish fillet, apparel below Rs 1000, packaged food items, footwear below Rs 500, cream, skimmed milk powder, branded paneer, frozen vegetables, coffee, tea, spices, pizza bread, rusk, sabudana, kerosene, coal, medicines, stent, lifeboats, cashew nut, cashew nut in shell, raisin, ice and snow, Bio gas, Insulin, agarbatti, kites, postage or revenue stamps, stamp-post marks and first-day covers.
4. Services that will attract a tax rate of five (5) percent will include transport services (railways, air transport) and small restraurants because their main input is petroleum.
5. Goods that will attract a tax rate of 12 percent will include apparel above Rs 1000, frozen meat products , butter, cheese, ghee, dry fruits in packaged form, animal fat, sausage, fruit juices, Bhutia, namkeen, Ayurvedic medicines, tooth powder, agarbatti, colouring books, picture books, umbrella, sewing machine, cellphones, Ketchup & Sauces, All diagnostic kits and reagents, Exercise books and note books, Spoons, forks, ladles, skimmers, cake servers, fish knives, tongs, Spectacles, corrective, Playing cards, chess board and carom.
6. Services that will attract a tax rate of 12 percent will include state-run lotteries, non-air conditioned hotels, business class air ticket, fertilisers and work contracts.
7. Goods that will attract a tax rate of 18 percent will include footwear costing more than Rs 500, Trademarks, goodwill, software, Bidi Patta, Biscuits (All catogories), flavoured refined sugar, pasta, cornflakes, pastries and cakes, preserved vegetables, jams, sauces, soups, ice cream, instant food mixes, mineral water, tissues, envelopes, tampons, note books, steel products, printed circuits, camera, speakers and monitors, Kajal pencil sticks, Headgear and parts thereof, Aluminium foil, Weighing Machinery [other than electric or electronic weighing machine.
8. Services that will attract a tax rate of 18 percent will include AC hotels that serve liquor, telecom services, IT services, branded garments and financial services will attract 18 percent tax under GST, Room tariffs between Rs 2,500 and Rs 7,500 and restaurants inside five-star hotels.
9. Goods that will attract a tax rate of 28 percent will include bidis, chewing gum, molasses, chocolate not containing cocoa, waffles and wafers coated with choclate, pan masala, aerated water, paint, deodorants, shaving creams, after shave, hair shampoo, dye, sunscreen, wallpaper, ceramic tiles, water heater, dishwasher, weighing machine, washing machine, ATM, vending machines, vacuum cleaner, shavers, hair clippers, automobiles, motorcycles and aircraft for personal use.
10. Services that will attract a tax rate of 28 percent will include Private-run lotteries authorised by the states, hotels with room tariffs above Rs 7,500, 5-star hotels, race club betting and cinema.

India: Africa’s date with Kollam cashew industry

29 June 2017

A delegation of diplomats from the continent visit KSCDC factory at Ayathil

Though many African countries are major producers of raw cashew, it is perhaps for the first time that diplomats from those countries got an opportunity for a close encounter with manual cashew processing in India. The diplomats gazed in awe and wonder after witnessing hundreds of women processing cashew with great skill.
One of the diplomats, Mahi Felicite, Counsellor with the Ivory Coast Embassy in Delhi, was so thrilled by the process that she even gave a hand to one of the workers.
The venue was the Ayathil factory of the public sector Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation (KSCDC).

Production only

Though the African countries are major producers of raw cashew, they process hardly 10% of it and most of the processing there, which is of recent origin, is mechanised.
After tasting the processed nuts, the diplomats said that the taste of the manually processed nuts was far superior.
The bulk of the raw cashew nuts produced in the African countries are exported and India, especially the Kollam-based cashew industry, is its major importer.
The delegation was part of the two-day Cashew Conclave organised by the State government to probe ways to procure raw cashew from the African countries without middlemen. The middlemen were found making unholy profits at the cost of the African farmers and the Indian processors, a truth that the diplomats from the African countries subscribed to, said KSCDC chairman S. Jayamohan.

Support promised

The diplomats had promised to consider it seriously in the larger interests of their farmers. They also promised to probe ways to ensure regular supply of raw nuts to India as the processing industry here was labour intensive and offered a means of livelihood for lakhs of women, Mr. Jayamohan said.
He said the raw nut season in Ivory Coast would start this month and the cashew industry here looked forward to cooperation from that country for direct procurement of nuts.
The diplomats were later treated to a Kalaripayattu show and a cruise on Ashtamudi Lake.

Bypassing the middleman: Ghana open to cashew sourcing pact with Kerala

Leading cashew producer Ghana has welcomed Kerala’s initiatives aimed at partnering with the African nation in production, technology transfer and direct import of cashew bypassing middlemen.
This was made known after discussions between Eddison M Agbenyeagah, Charge ‘d’ Affaires, Ghana High Commission, with K. Ampady, Director, Information & Public Relations, Kerala.
The Kerala government is currently hosting a two-day diplomatic conclave on cashew involving 15 major cashew producing countries in Africa.
Agbenyeagah said cashew cultivation in Ghana is generally carried out by farmers and co-operatives.
The apex co-operative federation is the Ghana Cashew Industry Association. But the federal government has no control over them.
The best way for the association is to engage directly with the Ghana Export Promotion Authority. It can facilitate the designated body in Kerala to enter into an MoU with the apex federation, Agbenyeagah explained.
The Government of Ghana also welcomed the possibility of technology transfer and investment from the Kerala government to increase productivity and cultivable area in Ghana.
The federal government could, in turn, ensure that a mutually agreed percentage of yield was exported directly to Kerala from such fields.
Ghana is also willing to explore the possibility of reserving a portion of cashew auctioned for supply to Kerala, if the same is procured at the best average price of the day, Agbenyeagah said.
As a beginning, a formal proposal of association with the Ghana Export Promotion Authority should be sent to the High Commission, which could be followed up by a country visit by designated officials from here, he added.
(This article was published on June 29, 2017)

India: Cashew declines on subdued demand

29 June 2017

New Delhi, Jun 29 () Cashew prices fell by Rs 5 per kg in the national capital today owing to sluggish demand from retailers and stockists amid adequate stocks.

Increased arrivals from producing belts against slackened demand from bulk consumers also weighed pressure on the cashew prices.

Cashew kernel (No 180, 210, 240 and 230) prices fell Rs 5 each to conclude at Rs 1,070-1,080, Rs 945-955, Rs 895-920 and Rs 795-820 per kg, respectively.
Marketmen said muted demand from retailers and stockists against adequate stock, weighed on cashew prices.

Following are today's quotations (per 40 kgs):

  • Almond (California) Rs 17,100-17,300, almond (gurbandi) Rs 12,000-12,100, almond (girdhi) Rs 5,000-5,200; abjosh afghani Rs 8,000-23,000, almond kernel (california) Rs 615-620 per kg, almond kernel (gurbandi) Rs 725-800 per kg, chilgoza (Roasted) (1 kg) Rs 2,500-2,700, 
  • cashew kernel 1 kg (no 180) Rs 1,070-1,080 cashew Kernel (no 210) Rs 945-955, cashew kernel (no 240) Rs 895-920, cashew kernel (no 320) Rs 795-820, cashew kernel broken 2 pieces Rs 670-770, cashew kernel broken 4 pieces Rs 650-765, cashew kernel broken 8 pieces Rs 550-660, copra (qtl) Rs 8,500-10,500, 
  • coconut powder (25 kgs) Rs 4,000-4,400, dry dates Red (qtl) Rs 2,400-12,000, fig Rs 20,000-26,000, kishmish kandhari local Rs 10,000-15,000, kishmish kandhari special Rs 9,000-21,000, kishmish Indian yellow Rs 3,500-4,800, kishmish Indian green Rs 5,000-7,500, 
  • pistachio Irani Rs 1,000-1,100, pistachio hairati Rs 1,395- 1,450, pistachio peshawari Rs 1,500-1,550, pistachio dodi (roasted) 700-800, walnut Rs 270-380 and walnut kernel (1 kg) Rs 800-1,300. DP SUN DPL SBT


Senegal: Cashew nut exporters suspend transactions due to price hikes[Business Africa]

29 June 2017

Cashew nut prices have soared in South Senegal.

A kilo is now one point seven U.S dollars from one point five dollars.
And not everyone is excited about the changes, some exporters have suspended their purchases with the hope the price will drop in the near future.

Soweto textile industry

Artisans in Soweto township can now showcase and export their products to the rest of the world, thanks to the Soweto’s Box shop, a local NGO based on the famous Vilakazi Street.
The entrepreneurs are getting practical assistance from the shop.
Have a look!

Nigeria: FG approves six cashew factories for export

By Terhemba Daka (Abuja) and Gbenga Akinfenwa (Lagos)   |   29 June 2017   |   3:42 am

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) report, in 1985, reported that Nigeria produced 18.3 million metric tons of yam from 1.5 million hectares, representing 73.8 per cent of total yam production in Africa.

Nigeria begins yam export today
The Federal Executive Council (FEC) yesterday gave approval for the establishment of six cashew-processing factories ‎ for export.These factories, Council said would be cited in the cashew belt areas of Enugu, Imo, Benue, Kogi, Kwara and Oyo states ‎to meet the export demand of 130,000 tons valued at $7 billion per annum.
This came as the Federal Government will today in Lagos begin export of yams with a consignment of 72 metric tons to the UK.Nigeria has consistently been reckoned globally as the largest producer of yams, at various times accounting for between 65 and 76 per cent of the world production.
The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) report, in 1985, reported that Nigeria produced 18.3 million metric tons of yam from 1.5 million hectares, representing 73.8 per cent of total yam production in Africa.
‎Addressing State House Correspondents after the meeting presided over by Acting President Yemi Osinbajo in the Presidential Villa, Abuja, Minister of Agriculture, Audu Ogbe also disclosed government’s plan to commence massive export of varieties of beans to India.
He said, “these things are coming because ‎Nigeria is beginning to focus on non oil export. Once you can diversify your economy, if something goes wrong in one sector you can hang on to the other.’’
On yam export, Ogbe said “we don’t even consume all the yams we produce here because most of it is lost to wastage because of poor technologies in preservation. “We are going to solar coolers in yam markets and yam producing areas to keep the temperature at 14 degrees Celsius, not frozen but to keep it at that temperature so that it can be good all year round and can last up to two to three years in the containers.
“The market in agric is huge, the prospects are large. It’s about improving on our strategies at home and getting all our states to get involved.“For us to go abroad and not find Nigerian yams in the market, it is an embarrassment. Ghana is targeting $4 billion of yams in the next three years and if they can do that, we who are the masters of yam production have no business lagging behind,” the minister said.
Also, FEC yesterday signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), with the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) for the procurement of contraceptive in the country for four years.
Minister of Health, Prof. Isaac Odewale disclosed that Council also gave approval for a memorandum for the inclusion of member of the National Youth Service Corps, NYSC, in the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to prevent the worrisome incidence of death among youth corps members across the country. Also, Minister of Science and Technology, Ogbonnaya Onu said Council deliberated on a draft roadmap for science and technology sector.

Nigeria to supply Walmart with $7 billion worth of cashew nuts – Minister (?)

28 June 2017


Nigeria is set to supply 130,000 tonnes of roasted cashew nuts valued at $7 billion to Walmart Super Market chain in the United States of America, USA.
This was revealed by the Minister of Agriculture, Audu Ogbe, on Wednesday while briefing State House correspondents after the meeting of the Federal Executive Council at the State House Presidential Villa Abuja.
“But the other good news is cashew nuts. These things look small, but we are in conversations with Walmart, the biggest supermarket chain in the U.S., they came here and asked us to roast cashew nuts for them
“Their demand is a 130,000 tonnes of cashew nuts per annum, the total value is $7 billion,” he said.
Mr. Ogbe said what Nigeria currently does is ship the nuts to Vietnam, who in turn roast and sell to the U.S.
“This year we are going to create six cashew processing factories in Nigeria, one each to be cited in Enugu, Imo, Benue, Kogi, Kwara and Oyo states. These are the cashew belt for now,” he said.
The minister said these options are coming now because Nigeria is beginning to focus on non-oil export.
“Once you can diversify your economy, if something goes wrong in one sector you can hang on to the other,” he said.
Mr. Ogbe had earlier said Nigeria will formally flag off the export of yam to the UK on Thursday.
He said the government is also looking to use yam for industrial starch for the textile industry and for export to China.
He added that India is also asking Nigeria for the supply of beans. He said the beans market in India alone is about $100 billion.
“When the Indian Vice President came here, he asked me to visit so we could talk, so the market in Agric is huge, the prospects are large; it’s about improving on our strategies at home and getting all our states to get involved, not all of them are doing what they ought to be doing now,” the minister said.

India: Kerala to source raw cashew from Africa

Kerala is seeking to collaborate with supplier-countries in Africa to facilitate direct procurement of raw cashew nuts for processing factories here.

The State government is hosting a two-day conclave here on ‘Cashew trade for common good’ in association with the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and involving diplomats from African countries, including Madagascar, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, Gambia, Togo, and Mali. Kerala Minister for Cashew and Fisheries J Mercikuttiamma requested the MEA to direct Indian Ambassadors to facilitate direct procurement of cashew nuts and price negotiation.
Ambassadors/ High Commissioners of African nations may be requested to sign or prepare the MoUs in consultation with their governments for long-term procurement from cooperatives or government institutions, subject to price agreements.
(This article was published on June 28, 2017)

Anastasia Confections Wins sofi Product of the Year

By TGR Edit Desk - 06/29/2017

Sofi Product of the Year

Anastasia Confections’ Coconut Cashew Crunch won the sofi Product of the Year from the Specialty Food Association at the Summer Fancy Food Show. The product also won the Gold sofi Award in the Sweet Snacks category.
The sofi Product of the Year is given to the highest scoring sofi winner. “Our Product of the Year is drawn from an extraordinary field of competitive products representing 39 categories,” says Phil Kafarakis, president of the Specialty Food Association.
Coconut Cashew Crunch is a tropical twist on a classic brittle. It’s handmade in copper kettles with fresh shredded coconut, cashews, butter and brown sugar with a dark chocolate drizzle. The company is working on a line extension using different nuts and flavorings.

Africa: The 11th Annual Conference Cashew Scheduled for September in Cotonou, launched in Abidjan

30 June 2017

© Other press by CD 
The 11th Annual Conference Cashew Scheduled for September in Cotonou, launched in Abidjan 
Friday, June 30, 2017. Abidjan. The 11th Annual Conference Cashew organized by the African Cashew Alliance (ACA), held from 18 to 21 September 2017 in the Beninese capital Cotonou, was officially launched.

The 11th edition of the Annual Conference of Cashew organized by the African Cashew Alliance (ACA), held from 18 to 21 September 2017 in the Beninese capital Cotonou, was officially launched this Friday, June 30, 2017 in Abidjan. 

This conference will be organized in collaboration with the Association of Benin value chain, namely the Interprofession the cashew sector (IFA) and the Government of Benin, aims to provide a platform to encourage strategic partnerships, investment, sharing of experiences and to do business, said Johanna Adotevi, Executive Committee member of the ACA. 

The Annual Conference Cashew meet for four days experts from the cashew industry across the value chain, producers, traders, processors, exporters, government agencies, equipment manufacturers and service providers to learn and discuss ways to stimulate production and deliberate on the future of the transformation in Africa as well as the organization of the sector. It will incorporate specific sessions for industry, networking opportunities and panels that will work on a variety of cross-cutting issues, including financing cashew, commodity marketing markets and food security, investment in African markets, improving market information systems, innovations in processing, research and production techniques. 

Simplice Gué Cotton Cashew Board of Côte d'Ivoire said that cashew contributes greatly to the local economy. And cashew remains an important element in the agricultural policy of producing states. '' For the Ivory Coast specifically, export earnings from cashew nuts totaled 400 billion CFA francs for each campaign '', has he revealed. Simplice Gué has also indicated that African production of cashew nuts increased from 1.2 million tonnes in 2014, 1.8 million tonnes in 2016. 

However the challenge for African States remains that of transformation. In Côte d'Ivoire on 650,000 tons produced only 40,000 tons are processed locally, according to figures from Cashew Cotton Council. 

The edition 2016 Annual Conference Cashew held in Bissau, brought together over 250 participants from 28 countries. At the Conference this year, a key initiative will be to develop and review strategies adaptable to the demands of the evolving industry and agree on a common vision for the industry, hence the theme " a new vision for partnerships and investments. " A wide range of experts is expected to deliver speeches and ensure moderation thematic forums, round tables and practical sessions. 

The African Cashew Alliance was created in 2005 as an association of African and international companies with an interest in promoting an African cashew industry competitive globally. Today, the ACA has a new vision to create an African cashew industry sustainable offering value added products competitive globally and ensures profitability for all stakeholders. Many member companies work under the banner of the ACA and represent all aspects of the cashew value chain, namely the producers, processors, traders and international buyers. 

Elisha B.


IVC: Of cashew farmers trained on good agricultural techniques and quality criteria

30 June 2017

Zuenoula - The national support agency for rural development (ANADER) organized a training workshop on agricultural practices and the quality criteria of cashews in for cashew producers. 

This training, which mobilized about 100 cashew producers took place Wednesday at Zuenoula versatile home in the presence of the prefect of the department, the third deputy mayor and industry players. 

For ANADER area Zuenoula chief, Kouamé Hervé Kouakou, this training is part of the project Agricultural Council dedicated to cashew producers controlled FIRCA. 

This day organized for the cashew producers of the department aims, according to the zone leader, reward, educate and strengthen the capacities of producers after the 2017 campaign 

Emphasis was put in this training on quality criteria cashew and cashew farming techniques, he said. 

The producers were urged to continue the good practices in order to have good quality and in sufficient quantity to increase their income. 

Production of Zuénoula area increased from 23 000 tonnes to 30 000 tonnes of cashew, says one. 

AKR / kkf / kam

IVC: Improving the quality of cashew nuts: 18 36 Nursery seeding trained in cashew nursery management techniques of grafting and grafting

28 June 2017

© APA Ferdinand KOUAKOU 
training workshop and distribution equipment d`analyse quality producer cooperatives d`Anacarde 
18 nursery education and 36 seeding, l`anacarde from the production areas, management of technical cashew nurseries , grafting and grafting. Photo: Dr. Adama Coulibaly, DG Cotton Cashew. Photo: Dr. Adama Coulibaly, CEO Cashew Cotton Council.

In order to improve the quality of cashew nuts, the board of the Cotton and Cashew nut in partnership with the National Center for Agronomic Research (CNRA) and the Interprofessional Fund for Agricultural Research and the Council (FIRCA) initiated from 19 to 30 June 2017, the training of 18 nurseries and 36 seeding, from production areas, management of technical cashew nurseries, grafting and grafting. 

The training will focus on the management schedule of a cashew tree nursery for the production of grafted plants on time, the choice of site installation of the nursery, the installation of the nursery, the production of rootstocks, selecting and harvesting grafts, good practices of grafting and grafting, grafting techniques used by the CNRA, other grafting techniques, recognition of successfully grafted plant, the / proper techniques of grafting, recognition of pests and diseases of cashew seedlings in nurseries, methods of struggle against the major pests and diseases of the cashew tree nurseries, packaging grafts for transportation, conditions of good transplant transplant seedlings to the field, technical administrative and financial management of nurseries. 

This training is done in two phases. A first phase relation to seeding, from 19 to 23 June 2017 to URESCO-CI and Lataha station. And a second phase of 26 to 30 June 2017 with the nursery, also at Lataha station. This training follows a framework agreement signed August 31, 2014 between the Council of Cotton and Cashew, FIRCA and CNRA, allowing the continuation of the breeding program of the cashew tree, started in 2009 by the CNRA and FIRCA. 

This training, which will eventually have to meet the high demand plants high efficiency expressed by producers, receives funding from the Project for the Agricultural Sector (PSAC, financed by the World Bank) and the Council of Cotton and Cashew . 

Elisha B.

Senegal: Production of cashew nuts: Alioune Sarr promotes synergies between Ziguinchor and Sédhiou

28 June 2017

In Senegal, three areas share the production of cashew estimated at 20 thousand tons. This is the Sokone area in the Fatick region, the Niayes area in the region of Thies and the area of Casamance, which polarizes the regions of Ziguinchor and Kolda Sédhiou. And in these 20 tons, it is important to emphasize that the Sédhiou region alone provides 40% of cashew nuts in Senegal. Hence the importance, according to Minister of Commerce, the informal sector, consumption, promotion of local products and SMEs, to develop synergies between the regions of Ziguinchor and Sédhiou for the achievement of objectives . Moreover, beyond the contribution to food self-sufficiency, the die cashew provides more than 250,000 jobs and generates a turnover of over 30 billion CFA francs per year in Senegal. More than 350 thousand people, more than 14% of the population of the regions concerned and 20% of the rural population depend on cashew. In the region of Ziguinchor, there 3807 households cashew producers, but in April 2627 persons directly involved in the production, or 8.7% of the population. Like the other producing regions, there Ziguinchor a diversity of actors who are active around the industry: mainly SMEs family involved in the domestic market but also for export and which have a common point: the to be anchored in the heart of rural and agricultural areas.

Despite these findings, the Commerce Minister, Alioune Sarr believes that the main issue remains the sector mainly that of competitiveness. "This is essential to better promote and foster the creation of jobs in this sector and participation in the economic growth of the country and its development," he said. As for the Minister of Commerce, less than 5% of the production is processed locally with a turnover of 315 million CFA francs, while that side, exports account, he said, 30 billion CFA francs.


Thứ Ba, 27 tháng 6, 2017

India: Driver steals truckload of cashew worth Rs 1 cr, arrested

27 June 2017

The accused said he took the help of two others, of whom one was arrested earlier, to unload the boxes and hide it at different locations in Ajmer, he said.

A cashew truck driver, who allegedly stole his Rs 1 crore worth of truckload to sell by himself, has been arrested, police said today.
Fateh Singh, a resident of Rajasthan's Ajmer district, was arrested last night, Investigating Officer Ramfal said.

On June 3, he abandoned the truck after unloading 855 boxes of cashew at Ajmer's Narayanpur village here, he said.

"During interrogation Singh confessed to the crime and said he planned to steal his truck's load when he was on his way to deliver it to ludhiana in Punjab from Mangaluru in Karnataka," the officer said.

The accused said he took the help of two others, of whom one was arrested earlier, to unload the boxes and hide it at different locations in Ajmer, he said.

Singh said he had committed the crime to fulfil his aspiration of becoming rich, the officer claimed.

The police has recovered 748 of 855 boxes and the rest will be also found soon. The truck was traced by the logistics company through GPS after it did not reach its destination, Ramfal said.


India: Revive cashew processing to check tribal exploitation

27 June 2017

(Picture used for representational purpose only)

Vizianagaram:  Seven cashew nut processing units set up in the Agency area of the district each at a cost of Rs 10 lakh have been on the verge of closure on account of the official apathy.

The units have been set up at GK Padu, Iridi, Duribili, Velagavalasa, Kurukoote, Asanabhadra and Alagaruvu with the objective of the women’s self-help groups procure cashew nuts from farmers, process them in the processing units and sell them to the Girijan Cooperative Corporation. 

According to KP Das, farmers’ cooperative society president, of Salur, the units have been shelved on account of lack of coordination between various government departments. 

For three months, the units ran very well. Because of the discrepancy on who should foot the electricity bill the unit has been closed down for sometimes. Later, the electricity department disconnected power to the units. 

On account of money borrowed from middlemen, the farmers have no alternative to except sell cashew nuts to them. While the GCC price for a kg of cashew nuts is Rs 131, the traders have been offering Rs 150 a kg, but resorting to cheating the people in weighing the nuts. 

The tribal farmers have been appealing to the state government for loans to rule out exploitation by the middlemen. They are seeking disbursement of minimum expenses to the tribal farmers which they promise to repay in installments. 

A quintal of cashew nuts sells at Rs 13000. But on account of borrowing from middlemen, they have no alternative except to make a distress sale at the price quoted by the middlemen. Government’s incentives are necessary to check exploitation by the middlemen. 

SHG women who are trained in processing cashew nut processing – Ganga and Gangamma of Velagavalasa-- say that they are confined to their homes as the cashew units are not running. 

Farmers in the Agency area and organisations like GCC and ITDA would thrive only when the activities of middlemen are checkmated.  The officials say that the SHG women are not able to run the cashew processing units. 

They agreed that there is confusion with regard to payment of electricity bills of the units and procurement of cashew nuts from the farmers.

Parvatipuram ITDA project officer Lakshmi Shah made it clear that the ITDA planned to give the running of the units to a private company Olam to rule out cheating of the farmers by middlemen and to provide employment to women.  The district administrative machinery is required to swing into action. 

Otherwise, the machinery in the units would remain idle, the activities of middlemen will slip out of hand and the utility of the GCC will come under a scanner and revive the cashew processing units.