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Thứ Tư, 26 tháng 7, 2017

Bamba Adama (Pca Fenapaci) / Future of the cashew nut sector of Côte d'Ivoire "Transformation is our battle horse ..."

26 July 2017

Despite its status as the world's leading producer of raw cashew nuts, Côte d'Ivoire, should focus on local processing in order to bring added value to this speculation. Interview with Mr Bamba Adama, Pca of the National Federation of Cashew Producers of Côte d'Ivoire (Fenapaci) 

Mr. Bamba Adama, you are the President of the National Federation of Cashew Producers of Cote d'Ivoire (Fenapaci). Could you introduce us to that structure? 

Before you introduce this federation, let me introduce myself to your readers. I am Bamba Adama, the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Federation of Cashew Producers of Cote d'Ivoire (Fenapaci), based in Korhogo. I was appointed Pca after an election that allowed us to go through all the cashew production areas of our country. We had to elect 21 delegates in the presence of the prefects and sub-prefects of those regions. Before the formation of our federation we met the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Precisely the Director of the Cabinet who, with the assistance of the Directorate of Agricultural Professionals' Organizations (Dopa), presented the notes of the best unions of cooperatives and cooperative societies working in the cashew sector. It is with this list in mind that we have set up the Fenapaci. Based on the best cooperative societies in the 19 Côte d'Ivoire regions. It certainly had problems, but the most important thing is not to forget the general interest. Especially that of Côte d'Ivoire. Also, I am also Pca de l 'Ucabci which is located in the northern part of the Ivory Coast. In our union, we made 6 thousand tons during the campaign which has just ended. Today, I can tell you that our federation represents roughly 40% of Ivorian production. 
What is your assessment of the last marketing campaign for cashew nuts that has just come to an end? 

The campaign went well at the level of the producers with a price opening floor that was 440 FCFA per Kg, but we finished the campaign at 950Fcfa edge fields, given the evolution of the international market.However, it should not be forgotten that despite this good price and a production approaching 700 to 800 thousand tons, we had concerns about the supply of the local market which had to deal with the leakage, A part of Ivorian production. 

What is the cause of this cashew flight to some neighboring countries? 

When you talk about a price ranging between 800 to 950 FCFA per Kg in Côte d'Ivoire, in Ghana next door to Côté, the price was 1025 FCFA per Kg. As you can see it is already A problem of price and interest. It is not us producers who covet production outside but intermediaries, buyers and trackers who come to take the product with us. And yet, they have amenities. That is why we have asked the Cotton Council and the cashew board, which I would like to thank for the work it is doing on the ground to reduce this leak. The cotton and cashew council supported us in our actions against the escape of the cashew nut. With the establishment of a border monitoring and surveillance committee. It was not easy, since there was a part of the production that came out all the same. 

Should not the actors of the various producer countries unite to harmonize prices and bring prices to market? 

Absolutely. This is part of the prerogatives of the federation. As producers are making our pairs aware, to avoid fraudulent sales outside. We had a workshop in Korhogo on this topic. We are now seeing what measures to put in place to secure Ivorian production. Despite the good prices we can have outside, we must not forget that our country needs this financial windfall there too to develop. When the production goes to Ghana, it is true that one can gain 50Fcfa in addition but the State loses money. And do not forget the local transporters and processors. The same goes for our brothers who work at the harbor. We do not want our production to go to other countries. We need to not only keep our label but also control the market and be more competitive as the world's leading producer of raw nuts. 

It is said that there is a cartel in the chain that plays against the producers. True or false ? 

These are the interests at stake in the sector. We have several actors in the value chains: producers, exporters, buyers and processors. It should be understood that each try to pull the cover on oneself. Talking about a cartel is too much, we work alongside each other and try to work together so that there is not a weak link in the chain of values. If we as producers are winning all the time and exporters and processors do not win, you will see that the industry will not be able to move forward. We need to work in synergy so that we can get out of it. There is room for everyone. 

Should not Cote d'Ivoire right now focus on local processing and consumption? 

The transformation especially. It's our battle horse. After meeting the challenge of quantity, we are working on that of quality. Who needs to improve. As far as the transformation is concerned, we say that it is essential first of all for the State of Côte d'Ivoire but also for us producers. We realized that. The transformation will give added value to our product. It is good to sell at 900Fcfa the Kg but our wish and projection is to be able to sell the product at 1000Fcfa the Kg or even 1500Fcfa. Why not 2000Fcfa. It is the transformation alone that will enable us to obtain that price. During the last season, we were at 700 thousand tons of raw nuts but annually, Côte d'Ivoire produces more than 3 million 500 thousand tons of cashew apples that are thrown into the wild. It is not normal. In Brazil, for example, this apple is consumed.It is processed to serve as a livestock feed. One can make from this apple juice and vinegar among others.The state is encouraging this transformation there at the local level. 

There was talk of setting up regional and interprofessional stores. Where are we ? 

It's still in the planning stage. As you know, any project requires funding. Funding is always the most difficult aspect of implementing our projects. Banks do not follow us for various reasons. This store project aimed to address marketing challenges and profitability. The cashew nut is a self-sustaining and self-supporting sector that can take care of itself. We are confident that these stores will be born. In the future, for example, they can be transformed into a local processing unit. In the reform, provision was made for the establishment of an authority; what was done. It is also planned to establish a reserve of prudence and interprofession among others. In the past, an interprofession had been created. Today, it no longer exists.The council-cotton casa has priorities and these are subjects that are on the table of that authority there. 

Bamba Mafoumgbé, [...]


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